Afspeelapparatuur

Een specifiek type afspeelapparatuur – videorecorders, DVD-spelers etc. – is zelden van kritiek belang voor de integriteit van een videokunstwerk. Het belangrijkste doel van de conservering van videokunst is om op een gepaste manier een accurate reproductie te maken van het originele videosignaal. Maar om de instabiliteit van videotape op te vangen is migratie naar nieuwere en meer stabiele formaten nodig. Doelformaten zijn dan bijvoorbeeld broadcast-tapeformaten zoals Digital Betacam of digitale bestanden zoals Motion JPEG 2000.

Het grootste probleem, in het bijzonder bij mediakunst en independent video, is dat veel apparatuur in onbruik geraakt. Vroege videokunst werd gemaakt op formaten die nu obsoleet zijn, zoals 1/2” open reel, het Portapakformaat dat gebruikt werd door veel videokunstpioniers, of 2” Quad, het vroege uitzendformaat waarop in de jaren zestig en zeventig van de vorige eeuw veel programma’s van de openbare omroep werden opgenomen. Veel andere werken bestaan alleen op formaten zoals 3/4” U-matic of 1” Type C die, hoewel ze ‘nieuwer’ zijn, toch snel in onbruik geraken, en waarvoor niet langer nieuwe afspeelapparaten gebouwd worden.

Hoe kunnen instituten met dit probleem omgaan? Twee strategieën kunnen helpen. De eerste is het opstarten van een toekomstgerichte, proactieve aanpak, door een voorraad afspeelapparatuur aan te leggen voor de formaten die een instituut beheert. Deze aanpak is niet altijd praktisch haalbaar: apparatuur die veel gebruikt werd in de televisiesector, zoals 1” Type C, is bijvoorbeeld omvangrijk en moeilijk te verkrijgen – maar voor 3/4” U-matic-tapes zou dit wel bijzonder waardevol kunnen blijken.

Voor echt obsolete formaten is het belangrijker om een relatie te ontwikkelen met een betrouwbaar lab, dat gespecialiseerd is in het remasteren van videotapes, en dat ook de specifieke noden van jouw instituut kent.

De inhoud van deze pagina mag worden afgedrukt of gedownload voor persoonlijk gebruik, maar mag niet worden gekopieerd of gepubliceerd voor andere doeleinden. © 2006 Independent Media Arts Preservation, Inc.

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