Catalogage

Lorsque l'on parle de la création d'un catalogue complet pour les bandes vidéo, on doit garder à l'esprit un point essentiel : étant donné que le catalogage nécessite qu'une bande soit vue pour déterminer l'intégralité de son contenu, ses créateurs, etc., cela ne doit jamais être fait avec des bandes endommagées ou détériorées. Au lieu de cela, le catalogage doit être effectué après le travail de préservation, en visionnant des copies de consultation de la bande que l'on préserve. Le catalogage peut s'avérer étonnement complexe. De nombreux standards ont été mis en place par certains bibliothécaires et archivistes pour cataloguer les archives de manière à ce qu'elles soient compatibles entre différentes institutions et bases de données. Avant de mettre en place une base de données, il est utile de consulter un archiviste ou un bibliothécaire afin d'être sûr que vous être en train de collecter les bonnes informations et que vous les organisez correctement dès le départ.

Une part importante du catalogage repose sur l'utilisation d'un vocabulaire normalisé. Le standard généralement utilisé pour le catalogage de l'image en mouvement est le "Archival Moving Image Materials": A Cataloging Manual, 2nd edition, plus connu sous le nom de AMIM-2. Il est disponible dans de nombreuses bibliothèques de recherches et d'universités et donne des standards détaillés pour tout décrire depuis le format de bande jusqu'au variations de titres.

Pour une documentation exhaustive au niveau de la pièce, référez-vous au Modèle de Catalogage d'IMAP, un modèle simple d'utilisation, conçu pour des institutions indépendantes, plus petites et pour les particuliers, qui peut être utilisé avec FileMaker Pro ou Microsoft Access. Un tutoriel complet est disponible sur le site web d'IMAP.

Un enregistrement de base, qu'il soit sous format papier, sous la forme d'un tableur, ou d'une base de données, doit inclure :

  • artiste
  • numéro d'identification unique
  • date de production
  • couleur ou noir et blanc
  • sonore ou muet
  • durée
  • format
  • génération
  • type de bande
  • s'il s'agit d'une partie d'une série
  • notes écrites sur la boîte, la bande ou tout papier trouvé à l'intérieur du boîtier
  • la condition physique de la bande
  • l'historique de l'entreposage de la bande s'il est connu


Une discussion approfondie sur les principes et les pratiques de catalogage est disponible sur le site web du Moving Image Collections (MIC). Les règles de catalogage dévelloppées par la Fédération Internationale des Archives Filmiques (FIAF) se trouve sur leur site web.

Vous pouvez imprimer ou télécharger le contenu de cette page pour un usage strictement personnel, mais vous ne pouvez le copier ou le publier à d'autres fins. © 2006 Independent Media Arts Preservation, Inc.

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